Think of hormones as little chemical messengers in the body. These messengers are created in the endocrine glands and control most major bodily functions like hunger, growth, metabolism, and reproduction. The main hormone producing glands of the body in both men and women are:
Regulates body temperature and is responsible for hunger, moods and the release of hormones from other glands. The hypothalamus also controls thirst, sleep and sex drive.
This gland controls the amount of calcium in the body.
This gland plays a role in the function of the adaptive immune system and produces T-cells.
This gland produces the insulin that helps control blood sugar levels.
The thyroid produces hormones associated with calorie burning, energy levels and heart rate.
Adrenal glands produce the hormones that control sex drive and cortisol, the stress hormone.
Considered the "master gland," the pituitary gland controls other glands and makes the hormones that trigger growth.
Also called the thalamus, this gland produces serotonin derivatives of melatonin, which affects sleep. Sex hormones however, are differentiated by the testes in males and the ovaries in females.
Only in women, the ovaries secrete estrogen, testosterone and progesterone, the female sex hormones.
Only in men, the testes produce the male sex hormone, testosterone, and produce sperm.